Liposuction is a cosmetic surgery procedure that targets and removes fat from problem areas on the body. Even though the patient may be of healthy weight, pockets of fat can be focused on certain areas of the body. Common areas are on the abdomen, buttocks, and thighs. Liposuction is also called as liposculpture because the body is sculpted through the removal of fat. Different procedures can also include arm liposuction and chin liposuction.
Liposuction is done by making one or two small incisions of less than 0.5 cm and inserting a tiny tube called a cannula. The cannula is connected to a suctioning device that sucks out the fat. The amount of fat to be sucked out depends on the person and their wishes. New methods of liposuction include laser liposuction and Vaser liposuction. In laser liposuction, a laser is inserted through a tiny cannula. The laser then melts fat cells to make them easier for the surgeon to remove. Vaser liposuction is a new technology that uses high frequency sound waves in liposculpture. First, a special saline solution is injected into the area to numb it. Small probes are then inserted surrounding the area and resonate at high frequency to dislodge fat cells from surrounding tissue. The fat cells and saline solution are then removed by gentle suction.
Arm and chin fat may be present even in people of healthy weight. Often, they are genetically predisposed. On the arms, problem areas include the back of the arm over the triceps and the underside of the arm for a “bat wing” appearance. Arm liposuction usually only takes 1-2 hours and is performed under local anesthetic. Chin liposuction removes fat under the chin to eliminate double chins. In chin liposuction, small incisions are made under the ears and under the chin. This procedure is short and takes less than an hour.
The benefits of liposuction include permanent reduction in the fat cells. The fat cells are completely removed and the area is no longer lumpy with fat. Before and after liposuction, there is a big difference. The appearance of a patient after the procedure shows the target area smoothly blends in with the surrounding body contour. After a chin liposuction, the face appears slender and the jaw line is more pronounced.
Risks include bleeding, swelling after liposuction, infection, and numbness from anesthesia. When too much fat is removed, the skin can look dumpy and textured, similar to cellulite. A good amount of fat is required for the body to be healthy and look healthy. The surgeon will be careful to remove the right amount of fat, but depressions can still occur.