Lifts are done under general anesthesia. During the procedure, the plastic surgeon makes incisions on the skin. If combined with liposuction, the surgeon will then remove excess skin and fat tissue through the incision. The underlying muscle has usually weakened because of the weight of carrying excess skin. The muscle tissue is repositioned and sewn together to help it regain tone. The surgeon then pulls the overlying skin tight and sutures the incision to increase elasticity and create smooth contouring.
Tummy tuck procedure can be done for obese patients and patients who have recently had surgery and now have excess folds of skin. These are also called Mommy Makeovers because they are performed on new mothers that have recently given birth and are having trouble losing the extra pregnancy weight. Usually the incision is made on the belly, from the belly button to the pubic area. Depending on the patient’s needs, surgery can be performed on the side and middle of the back to eliminate “back rolls” as well.
The cosmetic benefit of receiving the lifts is that the appearance of the skin becomes toned and firmer, allowing the patient to look much younger. The surgical benefits are that different procedures can be combined. While body lift is mainly done to remove excess skin folds, it can be combined with liposuction to remove extra fat as well. Within one operation, multiple body areas can be covered. Lower body lifts can address abdomen, groin, buttocks, and thighs all at once.
As any other procedure, lift carry risks. Delayed healing, infection and bleeding are associated with any surgical actions. While excess skin is trimmed to create smooth contouring, the tissue can set differently and may look lopsided. It is advised to keep a healthy weight while undergoing post operation period. Because the skin is lifted, extra body weight delays the healing process. Complications include seroma, when fluid collects in the tissue compartments; deep vein thrombosis, when blood clots lodge in the leg veins; and pulmonary embolism, when blood clots break away and lodge in the blood vessels in the lung.