Gynecomastia is a condition where men have overdeveloped glandular tissue or fat tissue localized in the breast region similar to women’s breasts. This can be of either unilateral or bilateral types, affecting one or both of the male breasts. It can be a somewhat embarrassing condition, especially if only one is affected. However, this is an extremely common condition as 40-60% of men are afflicted. Male surgery can involve breast reduction for men.
Male breast reduction is a simple surgery that takes about 1-2 hours and is performed under local anesthesia. Depending on the cause of the gynecomastia, the plastic surgeon will remove either breast tissue or fat through an incision made around the lower areola. If the cause is due to fat, a thin tube called a cannula is inserted and the fat is sucked out through liposuction. In some cases, the areola has widened and the nipple is placed lower on the breast due to the increased breast size. This can be corrected through excision techniques, and the nipple is moved higher on the chest for a more masculine appearance. Excision is also used when glandular tissue is to be removed.
After the procedure, there will be some swelling and initial pain which should subside within a few days. Scarring around the nipple where the incision is made is normal and will fade over time. Return to work and normal activity, excluding exercises, is allowed within a week. To maintain the position of the chest tissues, a supportive garment will be worn for 3-6 weeks to brace and help in the healing process.
The risks of cosmetic surgery for men include bleeding, infection, excessive scarring, and loss of sensation from anesthesia. Once the swelling reduces and the tissue sets, the scarring can become irregular and there can be asymmetry between the breasts. It is advised that the men undergoing men’s plastic surgery are of a healthy weight or are at their target weight, for best results.
Plastic surgery for men is beneficial for self-esteem. Many men refrain from swimming, working out or other activities where the chest is exposed because they don’t have a good body image. After receiving this surgery, men feel more self-confident and comfortable wearing tight fitting shirts. The chest looks firmer, flatter, and toned in musculature. For those who suffered from unilateral gynecomastia, the chest is now symmetrical and proportional to the male physique. This procedure has permanent results and shapes the chest for a desirable look.