For those who may be wary of surgery, non-surgical cosmetic procedures are available that are just as effective for skin rejuvenation. Common procedures include Botox, Juvederm, dermabrasion, and microdermabrasion. The benefits of all of these treatments are a youthful appearance without the effects of surgery.
Botox is made from the Botulinum toxin and is injected into the skin to reduce the appearance of frown lines and creases, as well as reduce wrinkle formation. Common sites of injection on the face are between the eyebrows as well as around the eyes. These work by paralyzing the muscle, and are effective for 3-4 months. While safe for use in small doses, overdose can cause risks. Complications of Botox include pain at the injection site, drooping of eyelids, paralysis of the wrong muscle group, and inability to make facial expressions. Consult with a doctor before considering Botox injections.
Juvederm is a gel injection made of hyaluronic acid. This can be injected in the skin around the mouth to reduce the appearance of laugh lines as well as into the lips to plump lips. This works by binding to collagen to create new collagen and prevent the breakdown of existing collagen, which effectively tightens the skin. One injection is effective for 6 months to 1 year. The anesthetic lidocaine has been integrated into the formula for Juvederm, which makes the procedure pleasant for the patient. Risks of Juvederm include pain and tenderness at the injection site, as well as immune reactions. If you have any allergies, consult with your doctor first before undergoing Juvederm.
Dermabrasion involves scraping away at the top layers of skin with a rough brush. This is used for skin that is scarred or extremely wrinkled. The exposed new skin is then treated with ointments and gauze. When it fully grows, it is smoother and gives the face a fresh appearance. After the procedure, the facial skin will be pink and sensitive. Avoid exposure to the sun in this time. The common complication of dermabrasion is a change in pigmentation. Whether the skin becomes darker or lighter depends on each individual person. If you are currently having acne, this is not the procedure for you, as the risk of infection is higher.
Microdermabrasion is a less invasive method to treat surface wrinkles or discoloration. The procedure involves a gentle exfoliation with crystals to remove superficial skin. The underlying skin is exposed and appears smoother without the dead, damaged skin covering it. Post surgery risks are minimal, but include change in skin pigmentation.